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Types of stones used in construction - (Properties & Composition)
267 views · Sep 10, 2022
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A lot of civil engineering projects like building construction and commercial construction use stone as a basic construction material. Due to their toughness and durability, stones are like high-end construction material. Whether it is a road, a building, a bridge, a retaining wall, or any kind of construction project - stones serve significant purposes.

There are various types of stones which are typically classified on the basis of their formation and origin. On the basis of geological classification, stones or rock used in construction are igneous rocks (basalt, diorite, granite, rhyolite), sedimentary rocks (lime stone, sandstone, and dolomite), and metamorphic rocks (quartzite, marble, slate, and gneiss). &nbsp;</strong></p>

Different factors such as compressive strength, crushing strength, hardness, impact value, and impermeability play a vital role in determining a particular type of stone to deliver a specific goal.

Some stones like granite and basalt are famous because of their enhanced strength and durability but at the same time other type of stones like gneiss are perfect for decorative applications. For massive construction projects like dams and bridge piers, we need stones with high compressive strength like sandstone, granite, and basalt.

So, it is important to know the purpose and pros of a specific type of stone to utilize it for the right type of application.

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