Difference between Shallow and Deep Foundation

Difference between Shallow and Deep Foundation

Before deciding the type of foundation for structures, it is very important that one must understand the difference between shallow and deep foundation. Foundation for a structure is generally classified in two broad classes based on the depth i.e. shallow and deep foundation. Depth is an important factor in foundation. According to a lot of … Read more

Field Density Test by Water Replacement Method

Field Density Test by Water Replacement Method

Water replacement method is used for determination of field compaction or field density of soil and gravely fills. The method is used for soil fills containing particles larger than 75 mm such as earth embankments, road fills, or structural backfills. The test method is standardized per ASTM D5030. As I’ve explained in my earlier posts … Read more

Types of Cement – Classification based on standards

Types of Cement in India

Knowing about various types of cement and their unique set of behaviors would allow you to opt the appropriate one for your construction needs. Actually the amount and proportion of various ingredients and components of cement are varied. In my previous post, I have talked about Bogue’s compounds of cement. These compounds including C3S (Tri-calcium … Read more

Standard Proctor Test – Procedure – Apparatus – Calculation

Standard Proctor Test

Maximum dry Density of soil is determined in the laboratory with the help of Standard Proctor Test standardized by ASTM D698 and AASHTO T99. So this read explains in depth, the significance, background, apparatus and procedure of the standard proctor test. Basics of Soil Compaction It is worth mentioning, that densification or compaction of soil … Read more

Properties of Bricks – Compressive Strength -Hardness – Efflorescence

Properties of Bricks

Generally, plenteous useful properties of bricks exist making it the widest used and most popular construction material. Its resilient and sustainable characteristics against forces of nature are not new or not unknown. Among brick properties, there are some basic ones which are related to the physical character and there are some additional properties that describe … Read more

Types of Stone Masonry – Ashlar Masonry – Rubble Masonry

Types of Stone Masonry

Although different types of stone masonry were in use from ancient times for construction of hideouts and houses, but owing to the durability and sturdiness they still are a popular choice among construction peers. Can you imagine, if the great Egyptian pyramids would had built by bricks, could had survived till now? In fact, most … Read more

Different brick bonds and brick bonding patters

Types of Brick Bonds

Being a brick-laying mason or a supervisor is a job that needs wisdom of alignment and orientation. You ought to have knowledge of different types of brick bonds. We also refer brick bonds as brick bonding patterns. Out there are some basic bonds and therefrom are some derived ones that are carved out. So; in … Read more