What is a culvert? – Definition – Types – Materials – Parts.

What is a culvert

A culvert is basically a structure that allows water to pass through a roadway, train, trail or other structure from one side to another. In most cases, it is embedded in soil in order to be protected from the elements. The culverts may be constructed either with a concrete pipe, steel tubing or other flexible … Read more

Breast Wall – Definition – Advantages – Application – Design – Retaining Wall

Breat wall

Breast Walls are constructed to protect freshly cut slope on a steep hillside embankment from rolling down the hill due to adverse weather conditions, such as land erosion and sliding. In hilly areas, the hillside gradients and slicing slopes can affect the road’s sturdiness. During rainfall you can’t travel in hilly areas that have small slips … Read more

What is a stem wall – meaning – detail – benefits – design – procedure

What is stem wall foundation

Stem walls on concrete foundations are popular in the construction industry of America and Canada and make up the spinal cord of one of the five common and basic types of construction footings in the USA. Here is the entire mechanism behind how such small walls manage to hold up such large structures What is … Read more

Zero Force Member In Trusse – Definiton – Identification – Examples

Zero Force Member in Trusses

At times in truss structures and under particular loading configurations, some members do not carry the load. Such members are referred to as zero force member in truss. Generally, they are used to boost the strength of trusses and provide future supports with modification of the administered loading configuration. So, what actually is a zero … Read more

Cantilever footing – Strap Footing – Uses – Design – Difference

what is cantilever foundation

Cantilever footing is a special type of shallow foundation that takes the load of eccentrically loaded column and transmits it to the adjacent foundation. It is a type of combined footing where two isolated foundations is joined using a strap beam. Hence, we also name it as a strap footing or a balance footing. From … Read more

What Are Weep Holes? – Weep Holes in Retaining Walls

Weep Holes in Retaining walls

A weep hole is simply a vent through the top or center of masonry or retaining wall. The primary purpose of weep holes in retaining walls is to allow drainage through the joints (or between panels) of the wall during wet weather. The slots also provide a positive indication that the wall is not completely … Read more

What is a tie beam? – Details – Advantages  – Reinforcement – Design

A tie beam is a structural beam that connects two columns at any height higher than the floor. The term “tie”, which refers to its purpose, is used to connect two columns or other structures. Tie beams can be used to reduce the effective length of columns and to decrease their slenderness ratio. Primary and … Read more

What is plinth Beam? – Purpose – Application – Types

What is plinth beam

A reinforced concrete beam that is placed between the foundation and wall is called a plinth beam. Plinth beams are used to stop cracks from extending from the foundation into walls above, when foundation settlement is occurring. Plinth beams evenly distribute the wall’s load over the foundation. What is plinth Beam? A plinth beam is … Read more

Difference between Short Column and long Column

Difference between long column and short column

Apart from the length as the obvious difference between a short column and a long column, other differences are there. So, today’s post is about short columns vs. long columns. Definition of column A column is a vertical element of a structure that transfers compressive loading. Designers provide it in all frame concrete structures. It … Read more

Lintel Beam – Uses – Types – Advantages – Disadvantages

What is lintel beam

So, you’re wondering what a lintel beam is and why we provide it across the openings in a building.  Well, to your surprise, lintels are not new. You can even see lintel beams in buildings of primitive time, mainly in the form of arches. Designers provide these arches at the top of the opening for … Read more