Field Density Test by Water Replacement Method

Field Density Test by Water Replacement Method

Water replacement method is used for determination of field compaction or field density in large excavation pits for earth embankments, road fills, or structural backfills. As I’ve explained in my earlier posts about different methods for field density; each type of field density test is suitable for a certain type and size of soil or … Read more

Types of Cement – Classification based on standards

Types of Cement

Knowing about various types of cement and their unique set of behaviors would allow you to opt the appropriate one for your construction needs. Actually the amount and proportion of various ingredients and components of cement are varied. In my previous post, I have talked about Bogue’s compounds of cement. These compounds including C3S (Tri-calcium … Read more

Field Density Test by Core Cutter Method

Field Density Test by Core Cutter Method

Like other methods described here, core cutter method of field density test is used to determine the in-situ density and compaction of soil embankment or subgrade. Why Core Cutter method is used in Civil Engineer? In order to evaluate the compaction of soil we have achieved at site; we have to compare it with MDD. … Read more

Standard Proctor Test – Procedure – Apparatus – Calculation

Standard Proctor Test

Maximum dry Density of soil is determined in the laboratory with the help of Standard Proctor Test standardized by ASTM D698 and AASHTO T99. So this read explains in depth, the significance, background, apparatus and procedure of the standard proctor test. Basics of Soil Compaction It is worth mentioning, that densification or compaction of soil … Read more

Properties of Bricks – Compressive Strength -Hardness – Efflorescence

Properties of Bricks

Generally, plenteous useful properties of bricks exist making it the widest used and most popular construction material. Its resilient and sustainable characteristics against forces of nature are not new or not unknown. Among brick properties, there are some basic ones which are related to the physical character and there are some additional properties that describe … Read more

Types of Stone Masonry – Ashlar Masonry – Rubble Masonry

Types of Stone Masonry

Although different types of stone masonry were in use from ancient times for construction of hideouts and houses, but owing to the durability and sturdiness they still are a popular choice among construction peers. Can you imagine, if the great Egyptian pyramids would had built by bricks, could had survived till now? In fact, most … Read more

Bogues Compounds in Cement and their Significance or Uses

Different Bogue's Compounds in Cement Details

Bogues compounds are responsible for initial setting of the cement grout. These compounds have been researched extensively by an American chemist named Rober Herman Bogue (R.H. Bogue) who is well known for his books on The Chemistry of Portland Cement and the Chemistry and Technology of Gelatin and Glue. After his extensive research, Bogue has … Read more

Bitumen Extraction Test – Binder Content – Apparatus & Procedures

Bitumen Extraction test, also referred to as binder content test, is used to determine the amount of bitumen that is actually used as binding content in asphaltic pavement or asphaltic concrete recently laid at site. The durability, compatibility and resistance from defects like rutting, bleeding, raveling and ageing of  flexible asphaltic roads is highly dependent … Read more

Plate Bearing Test (Complete Guide WITH PICTURES)

Plate Bearing Test also known as plate load test or static loading test, is an in-situ load bearing test of soil.  The activity of plate bearing test is performed in order to determine the bearing capacity of soil underneath that is likely to take the anticipated load of temporary or a permanent structure. It is … Read more