Common Title Issues and How a Title Insurance Agency Resolves Them

Saad Iqbal | 🗓️Modified: December 25, 2023 | ⏳Time to read:4 min

The purchase of real estate is a significant investment, and ensuring the property’s title is free of issues is crucial for a smooth and secure transaction. However, various title issues can emerge, potentially causing complications for buyers. This article delves into common title issues that may arise. It outlines how a reputable title insurance agency is vital in identifying and resolving these challenges, ensuring buyers have clear and marketable titles for their new property.

Outstanding Liens:

Issue:

Unpaid debts, such as mortgages, property taxes, or contractor liens, can result in exceptional liens on the property, clouding the title.

Resolution:

A thorough title search by the title insurance agency identifies any outstanding liens. The agency then clears these liens before the property changes hands, ensuring the buyer acquires a clear title.

Errors in Public Records:

Issue:

Clerical errors, misspellings, or inaccuracies in public records can create discrepancies in the property’s legal description, leading to potential title issues.

Resolution:

The title insurance agency conducts a meticulous examination of public records, identifying any errors. Subsequent correction of these errors ensures an accurate legal description in the title documentation.

Undisclosed Heirs:

Issue:

In cases where the previous owner failed to disclose all heirs, family disputes or claims on the property may arise after the transaction.

Resolution:

Through exhaustive genealogical research, a title insurance agency can uncover potential heirs and work to resolve any outstanding claims before the property is sold, preventing future disputes.

Forged Documents:

Issue:

Instances of forged signatures or fraudulent documents in the property’s chain of title can cast doubt on the authenticity of ownership.

Resolution:

The title search company employs fraud detection measures during the title search. If forged documents are identified, legal action may be taken to rectify the situation and ensure a clean title for the buyer.

Boundary Disputes:

Issue:

Disagreements over property boundaries with neighbors or previous owners can lead to disputes and legal complications.

Resolution:

A title insurance agency, equipped with surveys and legal expertise, can resolve boundary disputes by providing accurate information about property lines and assisting in negotiations or legal proceedings.

Unresolved Easements:

Issue:

Only resolved easements or encroachments on the property may allow the buyer’s ability to use the land as intended.

Resolution:

The title insurance agency identifies and addresses any existing easements during the search. Negotiations or legal measures may be taken to clear or modify these encumbrances if necessary.

Liens from Previous Owners:

Issue:

Liens placed on the property by previous owners can resurface, affecting the buyer’s ownership rights.

Resolution:

A title insurance policy protects the buyer from financial loss due to liens of earlier owners. The agency works to resolve these issues, ensuring the buyer is not burdened with the debts of prior ownership.

Conclusion:

Title issues can pose significant challenges during a real estate transaction, potentially jeopardizing the buyer’s investment. A reputable title insurance agency is pivotal in identifying, addressing, and resolving these issues, assuring buyers of clear and marketable title to their new property. By conducting thorough title searches, employing legal expertise, and providing financial protection, title insurance agencies contribute to a secure and confident buyer real estate experience.

Saad Iqbal is a professional civil engineering and freelance write. He's passionate about structures, construction management, and home improvement topics. He's been working as a Senior Engineer in a consultant firm for over 8 years. Besides he loves writing informative and in-depth content focused on construction and home-related topics. You can catch him at his linkedin page or reach out via our contact us page.

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